Before the Civil War came to the Arizona and New Mexico Territories, the census was taken for Arizona County (Territory) in the Territory of New Mexico (1860).
Arizona Territory covered the southern region of today's Arizona and New Mexico while the New Mexico Territory covered the northern region of today's Arizona and New Mexico.
"The current database contains over 12,000 records, which are excerpts from the decennial census of 1860 for Arizona County in the Territory of New Mexico, excerpts from the decennial federal census of 1870 for the Territory of Arizona, and excerpts from the Special Territorial Census of 1864 taken in Arizona. Each record lists the name, age, sex and marital status of the individual, as well as their length of residence, occupation, place of birth, and the value of their property." (Ancestry.com, The Arizona and New Mexico Territories Census, Late 1800s,
This particular collection is an excellent source of information covering
- Head of Household
- County, city, district
- Birth Month/Year
- Relationship to Head of Household
- Marital Status
- Father's Birthplace
- Mother's Birthplace
(Photo: The ancient Zia Sun symbol in red, in the center of a field of yellow. The flag of the US State of New Mexico consists of a red sun symbol of the Zia on a field of yellow, and was officially introduced in 1925.